FAO and UNDDR host event for International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2021 – world

25/10/2021

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), in collaboration with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), hosted a webinar titled “International Cooperation for Risk Reduction disaster (DRR) in agrifood systems ”on the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction (IDDRR) on October 13. The IDDRR is observed annually to reaffirm shared commitments to reduce risk and build resilience. This is more urgent than ever as the frequency and intensity of disasters increase and their cascading impacts continue to affect people’s lives, devastate their livelihoods and put entire agrifood systems at risk.

The day provides an opportunity to recognize and review global progress and efforts to achieve the global goals of the “Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030” by 2030. L This year’s IDDRR focused on Goal F of the Sendai Framework to “dramatically improve international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustained support to complement their national actions for the implementation of this framework. ‘by 2030. “This goal underscores the importance of international cooperation and partnerships to reduce disaster risk and disaster loss, within and between sectors, including in agrifood systems.

Why is DRR important in agrifood systems?

Agriculture continues to absorb a massive share of the impacts of disasters ** ‘**. A recent FAO study found that agriculture has borne 26 percent of the overall impact caused by medium to large-scale disasters in least developed countries (LDCs) and low and middle income countries (LMICs). ) between 2008 and 2018. During this period, approximately USD 108.5 billion was lost due to the decline in crop and animal production in LDCs and LMICs. These losses translate into a total of 6.9 trillion kilocalories per year, or the annual calorie intake of 7 million adults. This demonstrates that the impacts of disasters go beyond economic losses, as they destroy food crops and stores, as well as people’s ability to produce and access food. Yet these figures fail to capture the huge and uneven burden felt by smallholders and the most vulnerable. In this context, it is essential to generate the evidence base by consolidating capacity development efforts to measure and analyze the damage caused by disasters in agriculture in order to support actions aimed at reducing risks and mitigating their impacts. .

In his opening remarks, Mr. Laurent Thomas, Deputy Director-General of FAO, underlined that, “despite a disproportionate share of the effects of disasters and the climate, agriculture is often underfunded. Between 2004 and 2016, only 3 percent of total official development assistance (ODA) to developing countries and countries in transition has been directed to agriculture-related measures as part of disaster risk reduction and management . ” He stressed the urgent need to transform agrifood systems to make them more efficient, inclusive, resilient and sustainable, if we are to end hunger by 2030. He added that “these ambitions and commitments are at the heart of the new FAO Strategic Framework (2022 ‒2031) to support its members by working closely with partners to ensure better production, better nutrition, a better environment and a better life for all – leaving no one behind! “In this regard, international cooperation for risk reduction and resilience building is essential.

The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction and Head of UNDRR, Ms. Mami Mizutori, has warned that investment in prevention remains insufficient, undermining efforts to build long-term resilience. She pointed out that of “the overall aid funding between 2010 and 2019, the $ 5.5 billion spent on DRR represents only 0.5% of the total amount spent on international aid.” She added that “there is an urgent need to strengthen international cooperation, as investments in disaster prevention and risk reduction do not keep pace with the exponential increase in disasters.”

One of the main findings of the new UNDRR report, “International Cooperation for Disaster Risk Reduction, is that international disaster finance is primarily focused on disaster response. For every US $ 100 spent on disaster-related ODA, only 50 cents is invested. The report concluded that ODA should be better targeted to address the multidimensional vulnerability of populations, especially in agrifood systems.

The efforts of FAO and its partners to implement disaster risk reduction and climate change actions were highlighted and recognized at the event. This includes FAO capacity building support to countries implementing the Sendai Framework for DRR in agrifood systems on the ground. The webinar also aimed to raise awareness of the global and regional impact of disasters and crises on agriculture and food security, which was shared by FAO staff from the Office of Emergencies and Resilience. , regional offices for Latin America and the Caribbean and Europe and Central Asia. .

The event showcased the support that FAO has provided to developing countries in the application and institutionalization of the FAO Damage and Loss Assessment (D&L) methodology, which is used to monitor the indicator. C2 of the Sendai framework: direct agricultural losses attributed to disasters. He also presented key success stories including the importance of existing databases / platforms for data management to facilitate the design of damage and loss systems for the agricultural sector in which sector partnerships and coordination and cross-sectoral are essential. In addition, discussions were held on the way forward to strengthen data collection and analysis as well as communication and monitoring, including through international cooperation. The challenges that still await us were also shared. These include government ownership and commitment; adequate legislative and policy frameworks and inter-ministerial cooperation; inclusion of damage and loss in regular agricultural censuses; and the link between damage and loss caused by disasters and the Warsaw International Mechanism on Loss and Damage of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In this regard, FAO is currently collaborating with the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and the University of Kassel to complement the FAO D&L methodology to attribute loss and damage caused by extreme events to the anthropogenic climate change.

Country experiences in international cooperation in DRR, including in agrifood systems, were highlighted in the webinar. For example, Germany promoted a comprehensive risk management approach that combined tools for disaster risk management, climate change adaptation, climate protection and social protection. In addition, Mongolia’s experience in disaster impact assessment and monitoring and early warning and early action systems, with technical support from FAO and its partners, has been presented.

The importance of international cooperation was highlighted to further support the establishment of an integrated damage and loss data management system in Mongolia and to help the country access climate funds to implement projects. resilient to climate change aimed at improving the tenure security of rangelands and crops to promote sustainable uses of land resources.

The event reminded participants that disaster risks can be reduced and managed. Hazardous events do not need to turn into full-fledged disasters if a risk-informed approach is fully integrated into development and humanitarian activities. International cooperation has an important role to play. We can do this together by providing dedicated and well-targeted DRR interventions, including in agrifood systems and in complex emergencies. Scaling up DRR in humanitarian actions and sustaining peace interventions are essential. Funding provided by resource partners should be flexible enough to meet emergency needs, while also being sustainable to meet the long-term resilience agenda. International cooperation for DRR includes supporting the efforts of developing countries to strengthen their governance and risk reduction systems. This refers to the provision of systematic and coordinated international support for DRR and related technical and financial assistance, including policy development and implementation, capacity development, advocacy, sharing. knowledge, technology transfer and resource mobilization for DRR activities and programs, through multilateral channels, according to country priorities and needs.

The webinar recording and other resources are available here.


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